JOGL is an OpenGL binding for Java (wiki) which wraps the C OpenGL API. On Debian-based systems, installing and using it is not a complex task.
First, install it:
apt-get install libjogl2-java
Next, you need these JAR files in your build path:
In Eclipse, this is achieved by clicking Project -> Properties -> Java Build Path -> Libraries -> Add External Jar.
(If you don’t have gluegen2-rt.jar, then you need to install the libgluegen2-rt-java package as well).