How to compile a C++11 app on Travis CI

I have recently been adding Travis CI builds to code that I host on GitHub, so that I don’t need to host my own build infrastructure.

To users, this just means that there is a green badge at the top of the README, but not much else:

passing.svg

To build a simple C++ project, I added in this .travis.yml file:

langauge: cpp
sudo: false

addons:
  apt:
    packages:
      - libusb-1.0-0-dev

script:
  - make

Unfortunately, on this infrastructure, the default build tools are currently ancient, and installed on Ubuntu Precise (12.04):

$ make
g++ src/missile.cpp examples/basic-sync/basic-sync.cpp -o bin/basic-sync -lpthread -lusb-1.0 -std=c++11 -Wall
cc1plus: error: unrecognized command line option ‘-std=c++11’
cc1plus: error: unrecognized command line option ‘-std=c++11’

Option 1: Update the toolchain

There is some structures you can use to install an extra repository and some named packages, instead of using apt-get directly.

langauge: cpp
sudo: false

addons:
  apt:
    sources:
    - ubuntu-toolchain-r-test
    packages:
    - gcc-4.8
    - g++-4.8
    - libusb-1.0-0-dev

script:
  - make

Because the old version was still installed, I had to refer to the exact version in the Makefile, as in:

g++-4.8 src/missile.cpp examples/basic-sync/basic-sync.cpp -o bin/basic-sync -lpthread -lusb-1.0 -std=c++11 -Wall

Option 2: Update the platform

You can also change to a more recent Ubuntu distribution. Presumably Ubuntu Precise is only the default because existing builds use it.

If you need to build C++11 apps on Travis CI, then builds will work under Ubuntu Trusty (14.04), which happens to be the newest distribution currently available:

langauge: cpp
sudo: required
dist: trusty

addons:
  apt:
    packages:
      - libusb-1.0-0-dev

script:
  - make

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.